You may have noticed that your speaker becomes a little goofy at higher volume levels. There are a few reasons for this tinny sound, which makes it unpleasant to listen to. You may take preventative measures to protect your speaker from harm if you are aware of the underlying issues.
When speakers aren’t getting enough power from the amplifier to be able to generate loud sounds, they begin to distort at high levels. In order to prevent harm from distortion, consider readjusting any connected cables or reducing the level if you hear distorted or crackling noises coming from the sound system. Sound waves create the music you hear through your speaker system through a very intricate process. Sound production is influenced by several variables.
Speakers distort for a few reasons
1. Inadequate automobile amplifiers utilized to meet power demand
2. The speakers are sent the incorrect frequency, which they are unable to manage.
3. Speakers are constructed of subpar materials and are of poor quality.
4. Speakers are placed incorrectly and make touch with the car’s exterior using magnets.
5. Inappropriate wiring connections or usage
6. Speaker mechanical damage (or blown speaker)
What Causes Speaker Distortion at High Volume?
Car speakers may distort sounds at greater levels for a few main reasons.
The amplifier’s inability to drive the speakers at high levels is the most frequent reason for speaker distortion. Speakers may play at a low level if the amplifier is unable to supply the required amount of power for their wattage. When you increase the level, the amplifier really starts to clip, producing a rough, fuzzy sound with cut-out frequencies. Clipping is frequently the root of mechanical amp failure.
The speaker quality is one of the most prevalent causes. Speakers that are constructed on the cheap with subpar components are incapable of handling a lot of power. When you increase the level, the sound becomes distorted as a result.
Wrong Frequency Alignment
When speakers are overextended, which is especially noticeable with incorrect LPF/HPF settings, speaker distortion can also result. Speakers have a particular operational frequency range, just like any other electrical device, so when you push them beyond of that range, you’ll start experiencing distortion.
Can Speakers Distort at Low Volume?
Several factors might cause automobile speakers to distort at lower levels. Damaged speaker drivers and weak wire connections are the most frequent reasons, but there are other factors as well.
Incorrect settings are a typical reason for distorted speakers at low power. A problem at low volume levels is frequently caused by an amp gain that is set too high, pushing too much power to the speakers, or a crossover distortion if you have component speakers. This is especially true if your amplifier is strong. You must use a multimeter to test all of the signal connections in order to determine the problem.
You may take your car to an audio shop to get the speakers tested if you don’t feel comfortable doing it yourself. The professionals will be able to identify the problem fast.