Particularly if you work in a studio, not all speakers are created equal. Although there are many good speakers available for gaming and household audio, you should need specialized speakers for your studio setup. When you use studio monitors, you may hear sound in its purest, most natural form while recording vocals, editing video, or tracking an instrument.
A key component of the recording, mixing, and mastering processes is the use of studio monitors. You’re likely to encounter monitors in some capacity everywhere, from small studios to top-notch facilities. What distinguishes them from their home audio counterparts, then?
Studio monitors frequently resemble home theater and hi-fi speakers in appearance. Studio monitors are made to perform differently, so don’t be deceived by their similarity. Hi-fi speakers are designed to sound good with any sound and in every environment, whereas studio monitors are designed to sound horrible with any sound and in any environment (for want of a better word). This is so that you may identify audio flaws so you can correct them. They are made for critical listening.
Due to their strength and precision, studio monitors are the greatest speakers you can buy. Due to the technical requirements, it is not the best choice for typical consumers. For many people, bookshelf speakers are a superior alternative because they are straightforward while yet enhancing audio output. Studio monitors and bookshelf speakers are two very different types of speakers with various uses.
What is the Difference Between Speakers and Studio Monitors?
Let’s start by discussing the technical distinctions. Almost always “passive,” or requiring an external (power) amplifier with speaker outputs, are home stereo or hi-fi speakers. With very few exceptions, studio monitors are “active” or “powered” speakers, meaning the power amplifier is integrated into the speaker cabinet. In order to use it, you must connect it to a line source with a volume control, such as an audio interface or a specific monitor controller.
What distinguishes an active speaker from a passive one? There is a fast method to check: A mains inlet is required for an active or powered speaker.
There are several benefits to active speakers. They typically have multiple power amplifiers, not just one. With separate power amplifiers for the woofer, tweeter, and mid-range speaker (if available), the dynamic response is punchier and more accurate. This is so that the woofer, which consumes a significant amount of power with every bass note and kick drum strike, won’t deplete the energy of the other speakers, as it might on a passive speaker with a single amp supporting all speakers. Building high-quality crossovers is also made simpler by having separate power amplifiers for each speaker. In addition to the crossover being able to be put before the power amps, active circuitry also allows for the creation of filters with steeper slopes. This results in a better, more detailed sound image by reducing overlap between the woofer, mid-range speaker, and tweeter.
The sound profile of the audio produced is largely what distinguishes speakers from studio monitors. Studio monitors aim to generate a flat frequency response so that the audio recording may be played back exactly as intended, without any form of coloring. To ensure that the speakers themselves are not affecting how the audio professional may edit the music or sound, this is frequently necessary in professional settings linked to audio recording and mixing.
Can you use speakers as studio monitors?
Use of studio monitors is often recommended whether recording, mixing, or mastering. You merely get a more accurate sound, as was already mentioned. Regular speakers may cause you to overlook some audio detail, which could result in an unbalanced mix.
Having said that, studio setups occasionally include home speakers. The infamous Yamaha NS10 speakers (seen below) were introduced to the home audio market in the 1970s. They didn’t go over well, but among producers and engineers they developed a cult following. It was favored for its propensity to highlight sonic flaws and irregularities, a crucial quality in the mixing process. It is still in use today, and Yamaha has created a number of variations solely for studio use.